Erectile dysfunction is diagnosed when, despite the desire for sex and appropriate sexual stimulation, the man is not able to achieve or maintain the hardness of the penis to the extent that it allows satisfactory intercourse. It is worth adding that the disorder is said when the dysfunction occurs in 75-100% of cases of partner sexual activity and persists for a minimum of 6 months, and the man, therefore, experiences severe stress and discomfort.
Reasons for erection dysfunction
Due to the fact that the erection mechanism of the penis is a complex process dependent on the interaction and overlap of various factors, there are many reasons responsible for the inability to get an erection. These causes are divided into two categories: organic, i.e. related to the medical aspect and psychogenic.
Organic causes of erectile dysfunction
Organic (also called biological or somatic) causes of erection problems appear with age. This is because older men are more likely to have many diseases and conditions that exert an exorbitant effect on their overall functioning, including intimate life. The most common causes of erectile dysfunction in this area include:
- Cardiovascular diseases
Hypertension, atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease, and blood vessel diseases play a key role in the plane of somatic causes. Damage to the blood vessels arising in the course of the above-mentioned diseases leads to difficulties in the transport of blood to and from the member and to keep it in it so that it stays stiff.
- Type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
People with diabetes suffer nerve damage and narrowing of the blood vessels. Lesions in the nervous and vascular systems can lead to potency problems.
- Neurological diseases
Multiple sclerosis, stroke, spinal cord injury or diseases limit the transmission of impulses from the central nervous system to the penis, which reduces or prevents its erection.
- Hormonal disorders.
Hormonal disorders associated with hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism and kidney disease, as well as testosterone levels decreasing spontaneously with age make it difficult to get and maintain an erection.
- Anatomical changes and urological disorders
Irregularities in the structure of the penis, penile hypoplasia, narrowing of the foreskin, penis curvature, benign hyperplasia or diseases of the prostate gland and urinary tract infections cause pain and erectile dysfunction.
- Post-traumatic, postoperative, drug-induced disorders
As a result of surgery and injuries, the transmission of nerve impulses affecting the erection mechanism may be impaired. Taking certain medications (hormones, antihypertensives, antidepressants, antipsychotics) and other psychoactive substances (alcohol, heroin, cigarettes, cocaine, marijuana, legal highs, steroids) also affects sexual performance.
Psychogenic causes of erectile dysfunction
About 20% of erectile dysfunction cases originate in the psyche. This is especially true for men under 40 years of age. The most common causes of erection problems in this area include:
- Anxiety disorders
They inhibit sexual reactions, which results in the avoidance of sexual contact, which, in the case of longer breaks in sexual intercourse, leads to so-called loss of erection from inactivity.
Erectile dysfunction in men suffering from depression may be the result of this disease, as well as a side effect of the drugs used.
- Situational factors
Occupational and family stress, chronic fatigue, workaholism, depressed mood or conflicts in partner relations weaken sensitivity to stimuli and thus promote sexual dysfunction.
For more information about erectile dysfunction and its treatment, visit https://www.numan.com/erectile-dysfunction.